The Ngorongoro Crater lies at the center of the fascinating and unusual Ngorongoro Conservation Area. This area has an extraordinary volcanic landscape that is rich and fertile, with stunning craters and lakes. Whereas its high altitude creates a malaria-free micro climate, it extends through the Crater Highlands, in which local tribes are permitted to maintain their traditional lifestyles in as natural an environment as possible.
The Ngorongoro Crater is said to have the densest concentration of wildlife in Africa. As such, it has achieved world renown and attracts a growing number of visitors each year. Even if time is limited this natural but accessibly small caldera ensures a rewarding safari.
The Ngorongoro Crater is the world’s largest intact caldera in an exceptional geographical position, forming a spectacular bowl of about 265 sq km with sides up to 600m deep. It is the stalking ground of 20 – 30,000 wild animals at any one time.
The crater floor consists of a number of ecological environments that include grassland, swamps, forests, and Lake Makat, a central soda lake filled by the Munge river. All these various habitats attract various wildlife to drink, wallow, graze, hide or climb.
Although animals are free to move in and out of this contained environment, the rich volcanic soil, lush forests, and spring source lakes on the crater floor tend to incline both grazers and predators to remain throughout the year.
Ngorongoro Crater is also presently one of the most likely areas in Tanzania to see the endangered Black Rhino, as a small population is thriving in this idyllic and protected environment one of the only areas where they continue to breed in the wild.